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Coral Reef Formation

With optimum conditions, a coral reef begins to form when free-swimming. Minuscule coral larvae attach themselves to a solid structure under water.

Submerged rocks are common underwater structures that support coral growth. Corals also grow on similar hard surfaces found fringing the edges of islands or major continents.

Corals grow and expand at differing rates. But, a reef transforms into one of three major coral reef characteristic structures:

  1. Atoll
  2. Barrier Reef
  3. Fringing Coral Reef

Brain Coral - Their scientific name is Faviidae. Brain corals are generally spheroid in shape with a scratchy grooved surface.

Fire Coral - Learn how to recognize the fifty identified species of venomous fire coral. It might save you a painful sting, cut, or allergic reaction.

Staghorn Coral - A branching coral with cylindrical branches ranging from a few cms to over 2m.

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